Beyond these microscopic zones of hyper-development, the zens of urban Africa continue to struggle with the daily grind ufabet cities that have crumbling and inadequate infrastructure and bare levels of unreliable governance.
The vast majority of stadiums in Africa, the ones in which the sport is actually reveal the still perilous conditions and physical insecurity urban life this produces, and nothing, it seems, has been learnt from the disasters at the turn of the century. Faith is no barrier to calamity.
Stampedes at religious ceremonies have claimed dozens of lives, like the thirty-six Malian fatalities at the Ufabet Modibo Keita Stadium in Bamako, where 25,000 people had poured in to be blessed by an imam.
A New Year’s firework display claimed sixty-one people and injured 200 in a stampede in 2013 at the Stadium Houphouët-Boigny in Abidjan. Things have proved no different in football. The roll call of fatalities has been relentless: twelve dead in a stampede after Zambia beat Congo-Brazzaville in Chililabombwe; eight crushed to death in Liberia at a World Cup qualifier in 2009; twenty-two asphyxiated at the Stadium Houphouët-Boigny beneath a collapsed wall as Côte d’Ivoire played Mali.
In the 2015 title decider between TP Mazembe and Vita Club at the Stade Tata Raphaël in Kinshasa, fifteen people died in the inevitable stampede that followed police firing tear gas into the stands. And still they come. Seventeen people lost their lives at a game in the provincial Angolan city of Uige in 2017, after fans, locked outside at the start of the game, broke into the stadium, triggering a stampede.
President dos Santos ordered a report, but he could have just asked the main medical officer at the local hospital. Indeed, any observer of the cruelties of African urban life could have told him: ‘Some people had to walk on top of other people.